No general characteristics are present to tell the difference between the written and art form of calligraphy. But from what was gathered, it is stated that the strokes of a word are necessary to express meaning in the work (Chinese Calligraphy and Ink Painting). By doing this, emotions can be articulated through the visualization of the calligraphy composition. One example of this is the word for sun. This word combines cursive with standard script through the uses of dots and strokes to convey emotion (The Embodied Image, 1999, 36-37).
Here are a few examples of calligraphy in its artistic form:
Images from The Calligraphy of Jingjing Ye.
Harrist, Robert E., Jr. and Wen C. Fong. The Embodied Image: Chinese Calligraphy from the John B. Elliott Collection . Princeton, N.J. : Art Museum, Princeton University in association with Harry N. Abrams, 1999.
Morrow, Jan. Chinese Calligraphy and Ink Painting. 3 May 2007. <http://artsedge.kennedy-center.org/content/2217/>
Ye, Jingjing. The Calligraphy of Jingjing Ye. 2005 Apr. 3 May 2007. <http://www.bohememagazine.net/php/modules.php?name=News&file=article&sid=562>